The country of all countries. Peru’s indigenous Andean origins—the Inca vision of the Cuatro Suyos—clashed with the conquering spirit of the Spaniards. While the original outcome was submission to Western culture, the inevitable fusion of these civilizations forged a complex, new identity that’s full of contradictions as a result of differing life principles and values. Circumstances added other elements to this fusion which made it even more complex. Eastern spirit and values; the joy and hardworking nature of Africa, as well as Italian, French, Japanese and German ways of life and customs. All these formed what is today the Peruvian identity, which is rich, diverse and has both Andean roots and a strong foreign influence.