One of the principal cities in the south of Peru, Arequipa is known as the "White City" because many of the buildings have been built from "sillar", a white stone that comes from enormous quarries formed by the lava of volcanoes that watch over the city.
To walk through the Historic Center of Arequipa is to re-live the colonial era of mansions, convents, and churches, all filled with magnificent works of art. The great Monastery of Santa Catalina is even said to be a city within a city.
Without a doubt, the local cuisine is one of the region's strongest attractions, and no one should pass up a typical lunch in one of the traditional "picanterías".
Inscribed on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 2000.