The Kuélap Citadel (Luya)
Visiting Hours :
72 km south-west of Chachapoyas (2 hours and 30 minutes by car) to the site known as the Malcapampa, from which one should take a 30-minute walk.
Iconic tourism and archaeological site in the north-west of Peru. The political, religious, administrative and military centre (500 - 1450 AD) of the Chachapoyas civilization. The entire citadel is surrounded by a long wall with a perimeter of 1,900 metres. There are three entrances, two on the east side and one on the west. The entrances are unique and interesting features, increasingly narrowing further into the citadel until providing space for just one person. There are two clearly defined levels inside the citadel. The first is known as Pueblo Bajo (Low Town). The area contains important buildings, including the Tintero (ceremonial building), and rooms decorated with rhomboid and zigzagged lines. The second one, Pueblo Alto (High Town), features the Castillo ceremonial platform and the Torreón Norte turret, which is 584 metres tall and 110 metres wide, and it has a south-north elliptical shape.