During the Viceroyalty of Peru, the Spaniards introduced the European urbanism model to the new continent. The new cities were laid out in grids, with the most important areas given to the highest authorities. From top down and in hierarchical order, the residences were allocated to the conquerors.
In this way colonial style mansions were commissioned with central patios, spacious halls, luminous windows and beautiful balconies and were named after their owners to differentiate them: Palacio de Torre Tagle, Casa Osambela, Casa Aliaga, among others.
During Colonial times, the first methods of working the land and rearing animals were organized into small scale acreages and farms. Afterwards, around the middle of the 16th century, the first estates, near the coast and in the Andean areas were established. They grew crops they had brought from Spain such as sugar cane, grapes and olives, among others. These estates were remarkable for their colonial mansions.