The country of all races. Peru’s indigenous Andean origins—the Inca vision of the Cuatro Suyos (four corners)—clashed with the conquering and colonising spirit of the Spaniards. While the original outcome was submission to Western culture, the inevitable fusion of these civilisations forged a complex, new identity that is full of contradictions as a result of differing life principles and values. Circumstances added other elements to this mixture which made it even more complex: the spirit and values of the East, the joy and hardworking nature of Africa, as well as Italian, French, Japanese and German ways of life and customs. All these shaped Peruvian identity into what it is today: rich and diverse, with both Andean roots and a strong foreign influence.