Peru is a democratic republic. Its government is structured following the principle of the separation of the three autonomous and independent powers: the Executive, whose top representative is the President of the Republic; the Legislature or National Congress (single-chamber); and the Judiciary.
The President of the Republic and the 130 members of Congress are elected every five years by a universal, secret and direct vote.
The current constitutional President of the Republic is Ollanta Humala Tasso, elected for the 2011-2016 period.
Peru is located on the western side of South America. It borders Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia and Chile. The country has sovereignty over 1,285,215 km2 of land and 200 nautical miles of the Pacific Ocean, as well as 60 million hectares of the Antarctic.