Today, tourist activities are becoming highly specialised. Eco-tourism has allowed tourists to decide with what type of animal they wish to interact, and butterfly spotting has become popular. The variety of flora, and the tropical and semi-tropical zones that are abundant in Peru, provide a perfect setting in which to enjoy a colourful experience with dozens of different species.
Peru holds the world record in terms of butterfly species: there are approximately 4,000 in the country, 59 of which are endemic. There are certain areas, such as the Manu National Park, where up to 1,300 varieties can be found, while the Tambopata National Reserve contains 1,200 species.
Butterfly houses have been created in different cities as a response to the need to manage and preserve this highly sensitive natural resource, which also contributes to pollination and supporting the food chain. They also function as educational centres where visitors can discover the metamorphosis process of these beautiful insects, and learn more about the ecosystems in which they are found.