During the Viceroyalty of Peru, the Spaniards introduced the European model of urbanism to the new continent. New cities were laid out in grids, with the most important areas given to the highest authorities. From top down and in hierarchical order, the residences were allocated to the conquerors.
In this way colonial-style mansions were commissioned with central courtyards, spacious halls, large windows and beautiful balconies, and were named after their owners: Palacio de Torre Tagle, Casa Osambela and Casa Aliaga, among others.
During Colonial times, to begin with working the land and rearing animals was divided among small-scale smallholdings and farms. Afterwards, around the middle of the 16th century, the first estates were established on the coast and in Andean areas. They grew crops brought from Spain such as sugar cane, grapes and olives, among others. These estates were remarkable for their colonial mansions.