One of the main cities in the south of Peru, Arequipa is known as the White City because many of its buildings have been built from "sillar", a white stone that comes from enormous quarries formed by the volcanoes that watch over the city.
Walking through the Historic Centre of Arequipa allows visitors to relive the colonial era of huge mansions, convents and churches, all filled with magnificent works of art. The great Monastery of Santa Catalina is even said to be a city within a city.
Without a doubt, the local cuisine is one of the region's strongest attractions, and no one should pass up a typical lunch in one of the traditional "picanterías".
Listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000.