Tall adobe pyramids rise in the middle of the Historic Forest Sanctuary of Pómac. They were probably built between the 8th and 12th centuries A.D. and may have served as temples, housing, cemeteries, and workshops. Notable among these structures is the tomb known as "The Window," where archaeologists discovered beautiful metalwork such as the famous gold "Tumi", or ceremonial knife.
At its peak, the Lambayeque or Sicán civilisation came to dominate most of the northern Peruvian coast. Its people were skilled metalworkers who crafted elaborate objects from materials as varied as gold, arsenical copper (an alloy of copper and arsenic), and tumbaga (a low-carat alloy of gold, silver, copper, and arsenic). They were also very skilled potters.
Just a few kilometres away, in the village of Ferreñafe, you can visit the National Museum of Sicán, one of the most modern in the country, where visitors can appreciate an impressive recreation of the customs and ways of life of this civilisation, as well as a recreation of the tombs of members of the nobility, which contained gold ornaments and other valuable objects. The museum is also a centre of research into the Sicán Culture.
Location: 33 km (20 miles) to the north of Chiclayo, Lambayeque region, 10 metres above sea level (33 feet).
Climate: arid, dry.
Average temperature: maximum temperature of 30°C (86°F) and minimum of 15°C (59°F).
Season: all year round.
Access by Air: a flight of 1 hour 30 minutes, followed by a minibus or taxi journey to the Forest of Poma and Ferreñafe.
Access by Land: to reach Chiclayo, capital of the Lambayeque region, you can travel by road to the 767 km marker of the Panamericana Norte highway.