Kuélap Fortified Citadel (Luya)
Visiting Hours :
72 km south-west of Chachapoyas (2 hours and 30 minutes by car) to the site known as the Malcapampa, followed by a 30-minute walk.
Iconic tourism and archaeological site in the north-west of Peru. The political, religious, administrative and military centre (500 - 1450 A.D.) of the Chachapoyas civilization. The entire citadel is surrounded by a long wall with a perimeter of 1,900 metres. There are three entrances, two on the east side and one on the west. The entrances have unique and interesting features, becoming increasingly narrow further into the citadel until there is only room for one person at a time. There are two clearly defined levels inside the citadel. The first is known as Pueblo Bajo (Low Town) and contains important buildings, including the Tintero (ceremonial building), and sections decorated with rhomboid and zigzagged lines. The second level, Pueblo Alto (High Town), features the Castillo ceremonial platform and the Torreón Norte fortress, which is 584 metres long and 110 metres wide, and it has an elliptical shape from South to North.