Madre de Dios department hosts some of the most diverse flora and fauna. As many as 1,300 species of butterfly are found in the area, particularly in the Tambopata National Reserve and the Manu National Park. In order to visit both places tourist are required to hire 5 to 8 day long trips through specialized travel agencies.
The city, located nearby Puerto Maldonado airport, is home of the Butterfly House, a large garden that offers the opportunity to observe these delicate multicolored creatures in their natural habitat and the different stages of their formation and growth. The butterflies are raised in a laboratory, where hundreds of larvae from different species are cared for with patience and dedication. Visitors have access to huge amounts of information and can enjoy the relaxing atmosphere of the cafeteria and the souvenir shop.