National Parks - NP
Areas representing Peru's natural diversity, unalterably or intangibly protecting the ecological integrity of one or more ecosystems, species of vegetation and wild animals and the changing and evolutionary processes, as well as landscape and cultural features. Examples: Huascarán National Park (Ancash department); Manú National Park (Cuzco and Madre de Dios departments).
National Sanctuaries - NS
Areas where the habitat or an animal or vegetable species is unalterably or intangibly protected, as well as natural formations of scientific and landscape interest. Examples: Los Manglares de Tumbes (Tumbes Mangroves) National Sanctuary (Tumbes department); Lagunas de Mejía (Mejía Lagoons) National Sanctuary (Arequipa department).
Historic Sanctuaries - HS
Areas that unalterably or intangibly protect national spaces of special natural values, because they hold examples of monumental and archaeological heritage or constitute areas of historical significance for Peru. Example: Machu Picchu Historic Sanctuary (Cuzco department); Bosques de Pómac (Pómac Forests) Historic Sanctuary (Lambayeque department).
Landscape Reserves - LR
Areas where the environment is protected, demonstrating the harmonious relationship between man and nature and hosting important natural aesthetic and cultural values. Example: Nor Yauyos Cochas Landscape Reserve (Lima and Junín department).
Wildlife Shelters - WS
Areas whose management requires active intervention to guarantee maintenance of the habitats, as well as the satisfaction of the individual needs of determined species, including reproduction sites and sites that are difficult for recovering or maintaining the population of said species. Example: Laquipampa Wildlife Reserve (Lambayeque department); Pantanos de Villa (Villa Swamps) Wildlife Reserve (Lima department).
National Reserves - NR
Areas destined for the preservation of biological diversity and the constant or sustainable use of vegetable and wild animal species, either aquatic or terrestrial. In these areas, commercial use of natural resources is permitted in accordance with management plans approved, supervised and controlled by the competent national authority. Example: Parcas National Reserve (Ica department); Lomas de Lachay National Reserve (Lima department).
Community Reserves - CR
Areas designated for the preservation of wild flora and fauna species that benefit nearby rural populations. The use and sale of resources is permitted in accordance with management plans approved and supervised by the competent authority and directed by the same beneficiaries. Example: Yanesha Communal Reserve (Pasco department); Ashaninka Communal Reserve (Junín and Cuzco departments).
Protected Forests - PF
Areas established to guarantee the protection of territories whose waters lead to the same river, river banks or other water courses designed, in general, to avoid the deterioration or erosion of fragile land. The use of resources and development of activities, that do not put the area's vegetation coverage or extension at risk, is permitted. Example: Alto Mayo Protected Forests (San Martín department).
Hunting grounds - HG
Areas designed for the hunting of wild animal species in accordance with hunting regulations. Example: El Angolo Hunting Ground (Piura department).
Reserved Zones – RZ
These are generally designated on an interim basis and later included under the most suitable category. Example: Illescas Reserved Zone (Piura department).
REGIONAL CONSERVATION AREAS (15 RCA)
Example: Humedales de Ventanilla (Ventanilla Wetlands) Regional Conservation Area (Lima department).
PRIVATE CONSERVATION AREAS (15 PCA)
Chaparrí Private Conservation Area (Lambayeque department). Cañoncillo Forests Private Conservation Area (La Libertad department). Source: SERNANP Website