One of the principal cities in the south of Peru, Arequipa is known as the "White City" because many of the buildings have been built from "sillar", a white stone that comes from enormous quarries formed by the lava of volcanoes that watch over the city. Arequipa's history spans centuries and has been lovingly preserved, particularly in the Historic Center.
To walk through the Historic Center of Arequipa is to travel back to the colonial era of mansions, convents, and churches, all filled with magnificent works of art. The great Monastery of Santa Catalina has been called the city within a city.
Without a doubt, the local cuisine is one of the region's strongest attractions, and no one should miss out on a typical lunch in one of the traditional "picanterías".
Listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000.