Miculla Archaeological Complex
Visiting Hours :
22 km north-east of Tacna (30 minutes by car).
Surrounded by an impressive desert landscape that features small mounds, all under the watchful eye of the Wawapas and Miculla hills (1,200 masl, covering 20 km2). Researchers believe that it dates back to the Tiahuanaco Civilization (500 A.D.) and to 1100 - 1445 A.D. The decorative elements were created with red patina on calcium or silica. The scenes include drawings of humans hunting, dancing and fighting, as well as animals such as the North Andean deer, pumas, suris (a breed of alpaca), snakes, lizards and foxes, plants and local fruits. There are also constellations and images that have yet to be defined. In the surrounding areas, typical animals from the region can be seen: foxes, lizards, snakes, eagles and birds, as well as examples of the local flora: the Peruvian pepper tree, jaros, chilcas, chiñes and cacti.