Five fascinating jungle animals from the Peruvian Amazon
There are 104 types of ecosystems in the whole planet and Peru has 84, i.e. almost 80% of those that exist in the world. This has allowed it to be included in the list of the 12 countries with most ecosystems on Earth, a real privilege in a world in which concrete jungles increasingly predominate.
The mighty Amazon River, the largest in the world and one of the most famous on the planet, originates in the vast Peruvian Amazon rainforest, the second largest in the Americas after the Brazilian one. Its high concentration of unexplored flora and fauna make it one of the most important rainforests in the world, home to hundreds of fascinating Amazonian animals. Just saying that 57% of Peru's territory is tropical jungle allows you to understand why this country is one of the last lungs of the planet.
When it comes to record breaking, no one does it better than Peru and its tropical rainforest, considered the richest ecosystem on the planet, is no exception. This region is home to 50% of the world's species, although its territory covers only 2% of the world. Here is a brief overview of some of the most enchanting animals from the Peruvian Amazon rainforest that you can find in the country.
Peru is the country that is home to the largest population of spectacled bears in the entire continent, with nearly six thousand scattered around the different regions of the country. It should be noted that this bear is one of the eight species that exist in the world and it only lives in the Andean-Amazon region. In Peru, the spectacled bear can be found in various types of ecosystems located between 1,600 feet and 14,700 feet above sea level. However, these fascinating animals prefer the rainforests of the High Jungle and the Páramo, where there is a lot of rainfall.
Spectacled bear (Tremarctos ornatus)
The yellow tailed woolly monkey
This species that is endemic to the Peruvian Andes has fewer than 250 specimens in the wild. They can be seen to a greater extent in the department of San Martín (in northeastern Peru), where the Abiseo River National Park has become their main home. Although not many know it, this species is more Peruvian than the condor itself, which can also be found in other South American countries. Only just over three feet tall, one of the gentle woolly monkey’s most striking distinguishing features is its long, 35-inch tail, and the eye-catching yellow tuft at the end of its tail also stands out. This monkey can only be observed in Peru, where it was discovered 200 years ago by the German humanist Alexander Von Humboldt.
Yellow tailed woolly monkey (Oreonax flavicauda)
Red Uakari monkey
This primate species is characterized by its bald head and its red hairless face, as well as by its short tail of approximately 6 inches. It lives in the aguaje palms of the Amazon, between the Yavarí and Ucayali rivers. The Red Uakari's diet is based on thick-skinned fruits and seeds, so it has well developed fangs.
Cock of the rock
The Cock-of-the-Rock is considered to be Peru’s national bird because of its fantastic plumage and colorful courtship display or mating dance. Its natural habitat is the Peruvian high jungle, between 2950 and 2780 feet high. Its diet is based on fruits and insects.
Cock of the rock (Rupicola peruviana)
The pink dolphin is one of the most charming creatures in the Peruvian Amazon, not only owing to its cute appearance and characteristic pink skin, but also for its friendly, social and curious personality. While it resembles its marine cousin in this way - though it sounds incredible - this beautiful cetacean mammal is not related to its distant cousin from the oceans, from whom it was separated 15 million years ago. Thanks to its pink color, friendly appearance and the sounds it makes, this species has inspired countless Amazonian legends.
Pink dolphin (Inia geoffrensis)