Tourist activities are reaching highly specialized levels. Some decades ago, eco-tourism promoted full contact with nature to observe the flora and this generated financial income for the communities living in these areas. The tourist defined what type of animal they wanted to interact with, initially prioritising bird watching, something which is so well-developed today.
Currently, interest is focusing on butterfly watching. The variety of flora in the tropical and semi-tropical zones, abundant in Peruvian territory, provide a perfect setting in which to enjoy a true multicolour party with tens of species taking part.
Peru has a world record in terms of butterfly species: there are approximately 4,000 in the country, 59 of which are endemic. There are certain areas, such as the Manu National Park, where up to 1,300 varieties can be found, while the Tambopata National Reserve contains 1,200 species.
Butterflies have been raised in different cities as a response to the need to manage and preserve this highly sensitive natural resource, which also contributes to pollination and keeping the food chain alive. These places are also educational centres where visitors can learn about the metamorphosis process that these beautiful insects undergo.