Palomino Islands, Cavinzas, San Lorenzo and Frontón
Visiting Hours :
Daytime, prior reservation. Length of tour: 4 hours. Isla Frontón, restricted access.
Opposite the district of La Punta (45 minutes by motor boat).
The Palomino Islands are two: the first teems with animal life, most notably the South American sea lion, which can weigh as much as 300 kilograms. The second island is a haven for the sick and ageing sea lions, and is thus known as "The Hospital". Cavinzas Island. It is a sanctuary for diverse, guano-producing birds like pelicans, guanay cormorants, red-legged cormorant, Peruvian boobies, and patillos. San Lorenzo Island. The largest and highest in Peru. It is 8 km long and 2.2 km wide. Formerly regarded as a feminine deity and named Shina by the local natives, who associated her with beauty and fertility due to the abundance of fish and shellfish of its coasts. It played the important economic role of supporting the ancient peoples settled on the coasts of Callao. In the far south of the island, archaeologist Max Uhle found sites devoted to moon-worship and a necropolis of more than 3,000 tombs that contained, among other artefacts, tools, textiles, and objects crafted from gold and silver. It is also known as the "Island of Mystery" owing to fantastic stories of pirates and buried treasure. Here were found the remains of Dutch pirate Jacobo L’Hemite and of other 19th-century people. There are also eight cemeteries holding the remains of Chilean soldiers killed in the Pacific War. Island Frontón. Also known as the "Island of the Dead". It served as a political prison in the colonial age and during the early phase of the republican period. Among those imprisoned there was Viceroy Blasco Núñez de Vela, who was deposed in 1544. Later it served as a prison for common criminals. Access to the site is possible via the docks at La Punta and Callao.