The cradle of one of the most important ancient civilizations in the world is in Peru
More than 5,000 years ago, in the province of Barranca, north of Lima, a civilization established itself as the first culture in America. While the Tigris and Euphrates witnessed the consolidation of Mesopotamian culture and the pharaohs decided the fate of ancient Egypt, the Caral were already applying advanced knowledge of physics in their rituals, placing themselves - on their own merits - on the list of the most important ancient civilizations in the world.
The Sacred City of Caral was the origin of this important culture. The vast citadel in which it developed is located in a strategic location that has survived the passage of time in surprising harmony with nature. This monument, built in the middle of the Supe valley, was built on wasteland and is made up of various structures that lie on a terrace protecting them from possible natural disasters, mudslides and floods.
Caral Archaeological Complex
Other ancient civilizations from Peru
After the Caral culture, a great number of civilizations developed in what we know today as Peru. As varied as they are surprising, the knowledge achieved by these pre-Columbian civilizations continues to captivate scholars: their mastery of subjects such as architecture, cosmology, water management, agriculture and textiles are just some of the examples of the great wisdom of ancient Peruvian cultures.
The enigmatic Kotosh
Visiting Peru is a magical and special experience, because it allows us to travel through time and discover the wonderful cultures that populated this Andean country thousands of years ago. An example of this is the monuments at the Kotosh archaeological site, with the Temple of the Crossed Hands as its crown jewel. Located about 5 km from the city of Huánuco, on the right edge of the Higueras River and the Huánuco - La Unión highway, it is nearly 4,000 years old. It should be noted that Kotosh is one of the first vestiges of human civilization in America. Its main archaeological remains include imposing pyramid structures such as the White Temple and the Temple of the Nichitos, among which the Temple of the Crossed Hands stands out.
Kotosh Archaeological Site
The majestic Chavín
This civilization developed on the coast and in the Peruvian Andes, with its territory stretching across 1000 km – from Chiclayo to Ica. In its capital, Chavín de Huántar, an imposing archaeological site has survived the passage of time with incomparable elegance. This jewel of pre-Inca architecture is located in Huaraz, around 410 km north of Lima, and was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985.
Temple of Chavín de Huántar
The wisdom of the Paracas
Famous for their textile art, their mummification processes and their considerable knowledge of medicine, the Paracas culture developed between 700 BC and 200 AD. The Paracas were also experts in irrigation and water management techniques. Their mummies are also famous for the beautiful textiles that surround them and that are considered the best of the pre-Columbian civilizations.