The most beautiful natural landscapes from Peru
Of the over 190 countries in the world, only 12 are considered megadiverse. And Peru ranks in the top five of this select list because of the great diversity of its ecosystems, species, and genetic resources, as well as native cultures with remarkable wisdom that coexist harmoniously with their surroundings.
Living in harmony with nature is not a novelty in this stunning country. Long before Christopher Columbus set foot in the Americas, the first Peruvians already lived in symbiotic connection with Mother Earth, which 7,000 years later the Incas would name Pacha Mama. This beautiful harmony between humans and nature transcended the physical realm: pre-Columbian cultures revered mountains as gods, call Apus. In the sea, Mama Cocha was worshiped by fishermen to calm storms and bring in a plentiful catch, while the goddess Copacati reigned over the lakes. In a country that found its most important deities in the landscape, it is no wonder that these places– like no others on earth– captivate millions of visitors from all over the world with their stunning vistas.
The snow-covered peaks of the highlands, the parks and reserves in the rainforests and the ocean beaches are just a small fraction of the beautiful landscapes found in Peru, where, thanks to the work of the government and locals, the natural essence of a country blessed by nature has been preserved.
Paracas National Reserve
The sunny valley of Pisco– which makes up the majority of the coastal lands in the Ica region– features the striking headlands of the Paracas peninsula and the bays of Paracas and Independencia, which are protected by the Paracas National Reserve. In this magical place, the meeting of desert and sea gives rise to one of the most emblematic coldwater marine ecosystems of the Peru Current, considered one of the most productive on the planet. This natural area where land meets sea is teeming with migratory species, which feed and shelter here during their long journeys.
Paracas National Reserve, Ica
Manu National Park
This national park lies in the provinces of Paucartambo (Cusco) and Manu (Madre de Dios), two areas mother nature has blessed with some of the most splendid natural sites in all of Peru. At over 1,716,295.22 hectares, this authentic paradise of sights and sounds provides a feast for the senses and proves that magic needs nothing beyond nature to exist.
In its vast territory, Manu holds the best of the lowland jungle, montane jungle and Andes of southeastern Peru. But Manu National Park is also home to 160 mammal species, more than 1,000 bird species, 140 amphibians, 50 types of snakes, 40 different lizards, six kinds of turtles and tortoises, three varieties of alligators and 210 fish species, while protecting 10% of the earth's plant species. A visit to this national park is guaranteed to be a gorgeous visual experience.
Manu National Park, Madre de Dios
Huascarán National Park
Much of the splendour of Andean landscapes lies in their mountaintops and mighty glaciers. Visitors to Huascarán National Park, located in the Department of Áncash in Peru’s central mountain range, can expect stunning mountain landscapes with peaks reaching over 5000 metres and as high as 6768 metres. The park also holds countless crystal-clear lakes and vivid canyons nestled deep in the majestic Andes.
Huascarán National Park is one of the country’s most emblematic Natural World Heritage Sites, with impressive natural landscapes that form a backdrop to the beauty of 779 high-Andean plant species, 112 bird species and 13 kinds of mammals.
Huascarán National Park, Áncash
The Amazon River
Though referred to as the planet’s last lung, the Amazon River is actually a mighty artery coursing through the Peruvian rainforests and bringing life to the Amazon region and the largest tropical jungle on earth. This magical place is home to more than 2,000 fish and mammal species, such as manatees and pink dolphins.
On the Amazon River, sunsets and sunrises take on a new dimension, with dream-like hues and mysterious silhouettes. At this hour, the mythical nature of the endless rainforest manifests itself– the seductive Peruvian Amazon breathes life into the cryptic shadows that stand black against the ruddy tint of the Amazonian sky.
According to legend, Lake Titicaca was the birthplace of the great Inca Empire, and perhaps its proximity to the sky gave it this mystical nature that would later make it the cradle of the greatest civilisation in the Americas. The azure waters of Titicaca, the world’s highest navigable lake, mirror the fleecy clouds of the incomparable sky above Puno. Its incredible floating islands, like Taquile, Amantaní and Uros, lend a surreal feel to this beautiful and historic place that can refresh our senses.
Lake Titicaca, Puno
Mangroves of Tumbes National Sanctuary
Tumbes is a region of contrasts, hosting biodiversity in its seas, air and land. It is also a haven for a wide variety of species and a paradise for birdwatchers. In addition to birds, Mangroves of Tumbes is home to various endemic fish and crustaceans species.
This destination in northern Peru is one of the country’s most beautiful landscapes. The mangroves, twisted trees that grow between the sea and rivers in the tropics, turn the scenery into a natural version of the most spectacular of Dalí’s paintings.