Peru and ecotourism
Peru is considered one of the twelve most biodiverse countries in the world. Its 25,000 species of flora, 2,000 species of fish, more than 500 species of mammal and 500 species of amphibian make it a country with high potential for the development of ecotourism. A number of institutions, foundations and NGOs have been set up in Peru, dedicated to the conservation of species in danger of extinction. Many of them also work to eradicate the main causes of unnatural death in wild species, as well as campaigning for the protection of natural zones that run the risk of being destroyed by mankind.
The Peruvian Government is aware of the situation and has created intangible zones that offer protection to the geography, natural water sources, landscapes, flora and fauna, indigenous communities and all that is pertinent to and characteristic of a specific place. Many of these intangible zones are places of indescribable natural beauty, such as Pacaya Samiria in Loreto, Manu and Tambopata-Candamo in Madre de Dios, Yauyos in the province of Lima, and others. Through the National Service of State Protected Areas (SERNANP), work is done to conserve the Natural Protected Areas (ANP), to safeguard their biological diversity and maintain their environmental services.
Many of the national organisations dedicated to nature conservation in Peru work alongside international organisations, who offer their support in planning and implementing projects that generate benefits for the environment and for the local communities.