Puno brings you as close to the sky as you’ll ever be, and a visit can reveal how it used its altitude as a tool to build a cultural legacy that has lasted for millennia. Resting on the shores of Lake Titicaca in southern Peru, its altitude of over 12,500 feet is proof that ancient Peruvians learned to master the highlands and build an ancestral heritage that endures to this day in its impressive stone structures. According to legend, Manco Cápac and Mama Ocllo, children of the Sun gods, emerged from the waters of Titicaca, the Sacred Lake of the Incas, to found the Inca Empire. The same lake is dotted with both the artificial floating islands of the Urus and natural islands like the famed Taquile, known for its fine textiles, which yields unforgettable and striking natural panoramas.